Ford stated it is going to be putting in LFP batteries in its Mustang Mach-E this yr and in its F-150 Lightning in 2024. These batteries are being provided by battery maker CATL from China. For the plant in Michigan, Ford stated it will be licensing CATL know-how however will personal and function its personal facility, somewhat than as a three way partnership.
“We’re dedicated to main the electrical car revolution in America, and which means investing within the know-how and jobs that may preserve us on the slicing fringe of this international transformation in our trade,” stated Invoice Ford, Ford government chair. “I’m additionally proud that we selected our dwelling state of Michigan for this important battery manufacturing hub.”
Like different carmakers in North America, Ford is eager to localise battery manufacturing as near its meeting amenities as potential. Doing so avoids the associated fee and danger of transport EV batteries over lengthy distances. Beneath the rules the US Inflation Discount Act, which was launched final yr, firms are additionally incentivised to chop emissions from their autos and from the availability chain supporting their manufacturing. Delivery heavy EV batteries internationally negates the tax incentives included in IRA due to the carbon emitted.
The act additionally stipulates that 40% of the important minerals in a car’s battery should be extracted or processed within the US, or in a rustic with which the US has a free commerce settlement. That will increase to 80% after 2026 when the Ford battery plant is because of open. On the similar time, 50% of the worth of the battery parts in an EV should be manufactured or assembled in North America. The batteries that Ford is importing from CATL in China will make its EVs ineligible for deductions from the ticket worth.
Final yr Ford introduced a collection of initiatives for growing localised battery capability and uncooked supplies in help of its goal to make 600,000 EVs a yr globally by late 2023. Ford desires to extend that to 2m yearly by the tip of 2026 and is investing $3.7 billion in meeting vegetation in Michigan, Ohio and Missouri. These plans embrace localising battery supplies in North America. The corporate and its battery companions have Ford and its battery companions have introduced $17.6 billion in EV investments since 2019.
LFP batteries are cheaper to supply at scale in comparison with lithium batteries with nickel cobalt manganese (NCM) whereas being sturdy. Ford stated that providing LFP as a second battery chemistry, along with nickel cobalt manganese (NCM), permits Ford prospects to decide on an EV “with distinctive battery efficiency traits most aligned with their wants”.