Truck hacking: a New Age highway hazard

Speaker 1 (00:00):

This week’s 10-44 is dropped at you by Chevron Delo 600 ADF extremely low ash diesel engine oil. It is time to Kick Some Ash.

Jason Cannon (00:09):

Flat tires, fault codes, and now being hacked. These are the hazards of the brand new age freeway.

Speaker 1 (00:15):

You are watching CCJ’s 10-44, a weekly webisode that brings you the newest trucking business information and updates from the editors of CCJ. Remember to subscribe and hit the bell for notifications, so you will by no means miss an installment of 10-44.

Jason Cannon (00:29):

Hey, everyone, welcome again. I am Jason Cannon and my co-host on the opposite facet, as all the time, is Matt Cole. Hacking and cyber assaults are faceless strong-arm robberies. Web pirates can shut down a service’s complete operation in a matter of minutes from 1000’s of miles away, however these incidents aren’t remoted simply to back-office techniques. Expertise has granted subtle attackers a way into the truck itself.

Matt Cole (00:53):

All the brand new expertise and connectivity inside automobiles like tractor trailers not solely makes automobiles smarter and improves effectivity, nevertheless it’s additionally a brand new assault vector for cyber criminals.

Jason Cannon (01:04):

Fleet Defender CEO and founder, Terry Reinert, joins the 10-44 this week. And whereas it sounds one thing like out of the Quick and Livid, he says the capabilities exist for cyber attackers to hijack a rig whereas it is rolling down the highway with the driving force inside.

Terry Reinert (01:19):

So should you’ve received a satellite tv for pc terminal, should you’ve received mobile modems, from a part of your telematics, your ELD, or no matter else, so there’s completely different vectors in there. Even among the extra fashionable vans, they have upwards of seven or eight completely different wi-fi connectivity to the automobile itself. However there’s different actually attention-grabbing assault vectors towards automobiles. Just like the Nationwide Motor Freight Trucking Affiliation, they launched details about eight months in the past on a vulnerability that will enable anyone with a small little software-defined radio, most likely value like 50 bucks down at the shop, and an antenna, they might level the antenna on the truck, ship the proper RF sign, just like the radio frequency sign, on the truck. And it could put diagnostic messages on the trailer community and lock the brakes of the trailer. So even with out even having to the touch the truck, they’ll have very devastating results on the automobile itself. After which in fact, if they’ve bodily entry to the truck, then they’ll do an entire lot extra.

Matt Cole (02:19):

The driving force gives some measure of safety from an assault as a result of the cyber criminals lose their anonymity and the driving force can both try and cease it or name the police, nevertheless it’s actually a race, Terry stated, to see who can management the scenario first, the great man or the dangerous man.

Terry Reinert (02:34):

Give it some thought. I imply, even with anyone within the truck, in the event that they lose management of the truck, that may very well be fairly devastating. And should you lose management of the power to brake, should you lose management of … On different varieties of economic automobiles and client automobiles, energy steering is now not pneumatic. It is now really only a huge motor sitting on the finish of the steering column that assists the driving force and that is driver steering. And so you have received an influence steering management module, that if an attacker occurs to hit it with the proper of malware, they might take management and have an effect on the steering of the automobile as properly. And so earlier than the automobile might even come to a protected cease, hackers might doubtlessly have an effect on the power of the driving force to deliver it to a protected cease.

Jason Cannon (03:18):

A cybersecurity breach on back-office techniques is nearly all the time a ransomware play the place attackers cripple a trucking firm till they pay the hackers a big sum of cash to show again over entry to the enterprise techniques. By breaching the truck itself, Terry stated cyber criminals have extra choices and he tells us what these choices are, after a phrase from 10-44 sponsor, Chevron Lubricants

Speaker 1 (03:41):

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Terry Reinert (04:48):

So it actually will depend on who’s doing it proper. So you have received particular organized crime, worldwide organized crime teams, that they’re behind many of the ransomware. Sure, that is what their play can be, is extorting ransom from corporations. You have received precise nation states that will be fascinated with harming the economic system of Western civilizations, United States, European Union, Canada, these kinds of issues. So it might even be even on the nation, state stage seeking to hurt economies and seeking to delay responses from Western militaries to aggression or across the globe. So we’re monitoring and dealing with the federal government on numerous these completely different menace actors, what they’re doing and why they’re doing it.

Jason Cannon (05:32):

As Hollywood as this all sounds, Terry says it is really occurring proper now.

Terry Reinert (05:36):

There are what we name indicators of compromise and we have seen indicators of compromise on automobiles. It’s nonetheless type of on this rising state. There’s much more clearly particulars being collected by governments, however we have seen some issues hit the information. For instance, heavy-duty automobiles, Class 8 vans and issues like that, are very related in nature, structure and design to tractors and combines. They’re all simply good related automobiles. All of them run some taste of CAN bus, whether or not it is J1939 or this or that. And with the battle between Russia and the Ukraine, the Russians stole a bunch of John Deere tractors after which Ukrainian hackers really bricked, erased the firmware, mainly a ransomware assault, very related in method, remotely. And so now Russia has a bunch of tractors that do not work. And in order that simply type of proves, like, “Okay, this mobility sector, all transportation, whether or not it is development and mining, logistics, ag tech, no matter, these automobiles are susceptible to these kinds of assaults.”


It actually will depend on who the menace actor is that is doing it. We’re seeing much more automobile monitoring and theft by organized crime, particularly up within the New York, New Jersey space. In order that’s beginning to turn into extra widespread. I imply, you have received individuals stealing automobiles now, the place they only stroll up. They’re capable of pop a headlight out, join into the CAN bus that goes to the headlight after which unlock the doorways and switch off the engine ignition inhibitor, begin the automobile and drive away with out having the important thing fob. And there is even some the place, like Toyotas I believe it was, they’ve a CAN bus harness that goes as much as the trunk lock. And so they’ll use a Dremel instrument, lower somewhat gap within the steel across the trunk lock, join into the wires and steal a automotive.


And so we’re beginning to see an increasing number of of this superior threats from a theft perspective and likewise from a organized crime perspective. They function similar to a enterprise. They need to be extra environment friendly, lower their threat and improve their profitability. And so as an alternative of getting 50 guys that sit exterior the port of Miami that simply observe vans as they go throughout the nation, after which as soon as the driving force leaves it unattended, steal it, now they’ll observe automobiles utterly digitally. And so they can really take a look at load manifests and see what’s on the truck. They’ll simply optimize their ways and what they do, similar to a enterprise would.

Jason Cannon (08:03):

What precisely is a fleet alleged to safeguard itself from, enemy state sponsored attackers out to cripple transportation infrastructure or the East Coast mafia after a excessive worth load of electronics?

Terry Reinert (08:15):

The bigger menace proper now can be organized crime, however that’s slowly shifting in direction of nation state stage as capabilities are developed and because the world begins to get an increasing number of destabilized. And so I do not know if I might put a share quantity on every one, however there’s a extensive mixture of threats throughout that complete spectrum. And so they consistently evolve as simply the character of what is going on on evolves as properly. You see within the motion pictures, individuals taking up automobiles from a cyber assault. I imply, that’s as we speak.


That’s occurring. We’re seeing indicators of compromise. You have received authorities rules popping out from the UN, European Union, and quickly the USA that say, “Hey, we should be taking a a lot stronger strategy to cybersecurity in our automobiles. You need to have cyber-intrusion detection techniques inside your automobile to guard you towards these things.” I imply, even in the USA, the federal government listed logistics and lengthy haul tractor trailers is vital infrastructure.

Matt Cole (09:14):

Until you are a hacker, I suppose, moving into and navigating a truck’s ECU is someplace between tough to unattainable. However Terry says among the fundamentals of defending a truck are fairly easy.

Terry Reinert (09:23):

When was the final time you took your automobile into the dealership and stated, “Hey, I would like you to replace all of the software program in my ECUs?” Identical to we replace our cell telephones on a regular basis, each time Apple or Google pushes out a software program replace. Microsoft consistently popping up for Home windows, “Set up this replace, safety replace.” No person takes their automotive in to get their software program up to date. It is simply not a factor. And should you did, guess what? There is a price ticket on that. They do not simply do it without cost. Now, you have received Teslas who will do updates over the air they usually’re beginning to get smarter about it, however we’re nonetheless a decade out from seeing each automobile out there really having over-the-air updates that may happen.


Fleet Defender and what we do, is we have really developed a cyber-intrusion detection system for heavy-duty automobiles. So we are literally a field that sits within the automobile with a small display that alerts the driving force if there’s any anomalies occurring inside their automobile. Whether or not that be the attractive James Bond, just like the film stuff, like taking up the brakes and the steering and driving the truck off the highway, to upkeep anomalies, so if one thing’s going incorrect with the automobile from a upkeep perspective and even an operator security perspective.

Speaker 1 (10:29):

That is it for this week’s 10-44. You may learn extra on When you’re there, join our publication and keep as much as date on the newest in trucking business information and traits. When you’ve got any questions or suggestions, please tell us within the feedback under. Remember to subscribe and hit the bell for notifications, so you may catch us once more subsequent week.

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